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Deep Brain Stimulation

What is Deep brain stimulation?      

DBS is a treatment that can help reduce some of the symptoms of movement disorders such as dystonia. Dystonia is a condition that causes sustained muscle contractions triggering twisting and repetitive movements or unintended postures.

How does it work? 

The DBS system consists of a pacemaker-type device located in the upper chest or abdomen with cables that travel up the neck and pass beneath the scalp. The device contains a fine electrode wire and pulse generator which stimulates the brain with mild electrical signals. These electrical impulses help to regulate abnormal impulses, certain cells and chemicals within the brain.

What are the benefits of DBS?  

DBS Surgery helps to treat the symptoms of Dystonia. Primary dystonia's (patients without brain abnormality on MRI) are more likely to benefit than those with secondary dystonia (patients with brain abnormalities seen on MRI that are causing the dystonia).

How can a child be referred?    

Referrals can be made from the child's GP, Paediatrician, Neurologist, Orthopaedic Surgeon or Physiotherapist. The referral can be sent to Sally Smith, the CMD co-ordinator at the address below. 

Please send a referral letter to:

Complex Movement Disorder Team
Bristol Royal Hospital for Children
Upper Maudlin Street,